Being one of the most significant archaeological excavations of the 20th century, it is definitely not a site to be missed by people visiting China. The site was discovered in 1974, by workers digging a well outside the city of Xian. The army arranged in battle formations comprised of an estimated 8000 human figures along with horses and elaborate chariots. The figurines also consist of musicians, acrobats and court officials. Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China who ascended to the throne at the mere age of 13, started to work for his mausoleum. The mausoleum’s purpose was to protect the emperor in the afterlife, and make sure he had people to rule over. It took approximately 11 years to complete the construction. The resources made available to Qin Shi Huang were increased after he became an emperor which resulted in his burial complex growing in size and magnificence. It is believed that many buried ornaments and treasures had accompanied the emperor in his after life.
This Learning Experience will teach you about how the environment in an excavation site as well as a museum may trigger the growth of microbes and ways of inhibiting their growth. This Learning Experience is suitable for Secondary school students, year 4-5.